Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Battle of Culloden (1746)

Battle of Culloden was fought near Inverness in Scotland, was the final battle or the Jacobite uprising known as the ’45. The battle saw the end of the attempts by Prince to regain power and the British throne.

Charles Edward Stuart launched an aggressive campaign on behalf of his exiled father to restore the Scottish Stuart monarch to the English throne.

Charles landed in the Hebrides on 3 August 1745 and with Lord Gorge Murray in tactical command of his forces, occupied Edinburg on 17 September and invaded England, getting as far as Derby before retreating back to Scotland on 6 December. Between 8 and 16 December retreat was preceded towards Penrith via Wigan and Kendal. Duke of Cumberland pursues and Wade seeks to intercept, but fails to catch Jacobites at Wigan. While in further north, Lord Loudoun occupies Inverness.

Jacobites defeated the pursuing English at Penrith on 18 December and Falkrik on17th January 1746 before meeting the Hanoverian English troops in the climactic battle. After successfully mauling thei English pursues at Falkrik, Scottish Jacobites march northward to occupy Inverness.
 
Cumberland forced the rebels to fight a showdown battle at Culloden Moor on April 16, 1746. Skillfully placing his artillery, Cumberland, with some 10, 000 men beat off every charge of the outnumbered Jacobites. Then the royal cavalry counterattacked and swept the field. The regular English horsemen cut down the fleeing Scots, including the wounded. This battle was the beginning of the end of the clan or tribal lifestyles of the Gaelic ethnic and highland rural minority.
Battle of Culloden (1746)
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