Tuesday, June 22, 2021

Battle of Haliartus in 395 BC

The ancient city of Haliartoe lay on a snail rise, nestled between the heights of mount Helikon to the south and west, and the swampy expanse of the Copaic basin to the north and east, the battle of Haliartus, fought in 395 B.C., is nestled between the stable age of Athenian empire and a period of political chaos in Greece ended by the domination of the Philip IX and the Macedonians.

Phocians appeal to Sparta for help in dispute with Thebes and Locris; Lysander plans double invasion of Boeotia with himself attacking from the north through Phocis and Pausanias reaching Haliartus in western Boeotia from the south. Pausanias was a grandson of Pausanias, Agiad king of Sparta 445–426 and 408–395 BC.

Athens responds to Theban request for help. Lysander fails to wait for Pausanias and planned double attack on Haliartus fails.

The battle of Haliartus (395 BC) was the first significant fighting during the Corinthian War (395-386 BC) and was a Spartan defeat that saw the death of Lysander, their victorious leader from of the Great Peloponnesian War.

Pausanias makes a truce, he retires to Arcadian Tegea in voluntary exile. Rhodians take control of government from oligarchs and establish a democracy hostile to Sparta.
Battle of Haliartus in 395 BC

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